KERATITIS-ICHTHYOSIS-DEAFNESS SYNDROME WITH HETEROZYGOUS P.D50N IN THE GJB2 GENE IN TWO SERBIAN ADULT PATIENTS
Kalezić T.1,*, Vuković I.2, Stojković M.1, Stanojlović S.1, Karanović J.3, Brajušković G.3, Savić-Pavićević D.3
*Corresponding Author: Tanja Kalezić, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade; Clinic for Eye Disease, University Clinical Centre of Serbia, Address: Pasterova Street No 2 , Tel. +381638148843, e-mail address: tanjakalezic@gmail.com
page: 6
download article in pdf format

Abstract

Purpose: Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome is a rare congenital ectodermal dysplastic syndrome presenting with keratitis, ichthyosis and sensorineural hearing loss. The most common causes of KID syndrome are heterozygous missense mutations in the GJB2 gene that codes for connexin 26. Case report: During the ophthalmological examination, two adult females complained of recent worsening of visual acuity in both eyes. Anamnesis revealed that their eyes were red and irritated from early childhood onwards. Both of them had thickening and keratinisation of eyelid margins, lash loss, diffuse opacification of cornea and conjunctiva caused by keratinisation of eye surface, superficial and deep corneal vascularisation and corneal oedema. Partial sensorineural hearing loss and difficulties in speech were also noted along with typical ichthyosiform erythroderma. Genetic testing of the GJB2 gene revealed a heterozygous p.D50N mutation in both patients. Patients were treated with a combined topical corticosteroid and artificial tears therapy, with steroid therapy being intensified during the last month. The therapy increased the visual acuity by decreasing corneal oedema and by forming a more regular air-tear interface during the six months follow up. Subsequently, the disease progressed despite the continuation of the therapy. Conclusion: This is the first report of Serbian patients with KID syndrome. Despite the administration of the combined topical corticosteroid and artificial tears therapy the disease is relentlessly progressive and therapeutic success of ophthalmological signs with local therapeutic modalities used so far had been disappointing.



Number 26
Number 26 VOL. 26(2), 2023 All in one
Number 26
VOL. 26(2), 2023
Number 26
VOL. 26, 2023 Supplement
Number 26
VOL. 26(1), 2023
Number 25
VOL. 25(2), 2022
Number 25
VOL. 25 (1), 2022
Number 24
VOL. 24(2), 2021
Number 24
VOL. 24(1), 2021
Number 23
VOL. 23(2), 2020
Number 22
VOL. 22(2), 2019
Number 22
VOL. 22(1), 2019
Number 22
VOL. 22, 2019 Supplement
Number 21
VOL. 21(2), 2018
Number 21
VOL. 21 (1), 2018
Number 21
VOL. 21, 2018 Supplement
Number 20
VOL. 20 (2), 2017
Number 20
VOL. 20 (1), 2017
Number 19
VOL. 19 (2), 2016
Number 19
VOL. 19 (1), 2016
Number 18
VOL. 18 (2), 2015
Number 18
VOL. 18 (1), 2015
Number 17
VOL. 17 (2), 2014
Number 17
VOL. 17 (1), 2014
Number 16
VOL. 16 (2), 2013
Number 16
VOL. 16 (1), 2013
Number 15
VOL. 15 (2), 2012
Number 15
VOL. 15, 2012 Supplement
Number 15
Vol. 15 (1), 2012
Number 14
14 - Vol. 14 (2), 2011
Number 14
The 9th Balkan Congress of Medical Genetics
Number 14
14 - Vol. 14 (1), 2011
Number 13
Vol. 13 (2), 2010
Number 13
Vol.13 (1), 2010
Number 12
Vol.12 (2), 2009
Number 12
Vol.12 (1), 2009
Number 11
Vol.11 (2),2008
Number 11
Vol.11 (1),2008
Number 10
Vol.10 (2), 2007
Number 10
10 (1),2007
Number 9
1&2, 2006
Number 9
3&4, 2006
Number 8
1&2, 2005
Number 8
3&4, 2004
Number 7
1&2, 2004
Number 6
3&4, 2003
Number 6
1&2, 2003
Number 5
3&4, 2002
Number 5
1&2, 2002
Number 4
Vol.3 (4), 2000
Number 4
Vol.2 (4), 1999
Number 4
Vol.1 (4), 1998
Number 4
3&4, 2001
Number 4
1&2, 2001
Number 3
Vol.3 (3), 2000
Number 3
Vol.2 (3), 1999
Number 3
Vol.1 (3), 1998
Number 2
Vol.3(2), 2000
Number 2
Vol.1 (2), 1998
Number 2
Vol.2 (2), 1999
Number 1
Vol.3 (1), 2000
Number 1
Vol.2 (1), 1999
Number 1
Vol.1 (1), 1998

 

 


 About the journal ::: Editorial ::: Subscription ::: Information for authors ::: Contact
 Copyright © Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics 2006