CLINICAL NEXT GENERATION SEQUENCING REVEALS AN H3F3A GENE AS A NEW POTENTIAL GENE CANDIDATE FOR MICROCEPHALY ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY, INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY AND GROWTH RETARDATION
Maver A1, Čuturilo G2,3, Ruml Stojanović J3, Peterlin B1,*
*Corresponding Author: Professor Borut Peterlin, Clinical Institute of Genomic Medicine, University Medical Center Ljubljana, Šlajmerjeva 4, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Tel: +38615401137. E-mail: borut.peterlin@kclj.si
page: 65
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Abstract

Microcephaly is characterized by significant clinical and genetic heterogeneity, therefore reaching the genetic diagnosis remains challenging in this group of disorders. We describe a case of a girl with secondary microcephaly, associated with severe developmental delay, intellectual disability, growth retardation and dysmorphic features. For purposes of clinical genetic diagnostic testing, we performed trio whole exome sequencing in the proband and unaffected parents. We found a heterozygous de novo missense variant in the H3F3A gene in the proband (NM_ 002107.4: c.185T>G), which is absent from the gnomAD and from the Slovenian Genome databases. The identified variant affects a highly conserved leucine residue at position 62 of the histone H3 protein (H3.3) and is predicted to affect the physicochemical properties of the affected protein. Mouse models, which demonstrated involvement of H3.3 protein in the control of neuronal- and glial-specific gene expression patterns that control synaptic connectivity and behavioral plasticity. Additionally, we also identified similar cases reported in the ClinVar database. These arguments support the possible pathogenic role of the reported genetic variant and thus suggest a novel molecular mechanism for this syndromic form of microcephaly.



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