RISK FACTORS OF VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM IN SUDANESE PREGNANT WOMEN
Abdalhabib EK1, Alfeel A2, Ali EI3, Ibrahim IK4, Mobarki AA2, Dobie G2, Hamali HA2, Saboor M
*Corresponding Author: Dr. Muhammad Saboor, Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Tel.: +966-54-495-9029. E-mail: msaboor@ jazanu.edu.sa
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Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the major causes of pregnancy-related mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to determine the frequency of factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin G20210A polymorphisms and measure the plasma levels of protein C (PC), protein S (PS) and antithrombin (AT) in pregnant women with VTE and healthy pregnant women. This prospective case-control study determined the frequencies of FVL G1691A and prothrombin G20210A polymorphisms and measured the plasma levels of PC, PS and AT in 198 pregnant women with VTE and 198 healthy pregnant women. Allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (ASPCR) was used to detect the FVL G1691A polymorphisms and prothrombin G20210A gene mutations. The FVL G1691A polymorphism and prothrombin G20210A gene mutations were detected only in pregnant women with VTE, with frequencies of 4.0 and 0.5%, respectively. The highest frequency of FVL G1691A polymorphism was observed in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and positively associated with contraceptive use and termination. Pregnant women with VTE had significantly lower levels of PC, PS and AT than those of controls. In conclusion, among the VTE cases, FVL G1691A polymorphism and PC, PS and AT deficiencies were the most common findings in patients presenting with DVT. Antithrombin deficiency was more common than PC and PS deficiencies. Contraceptive use, high body mass index (BMI) and termination correlated strongly with FVL G1691A polymorphism and PC and PS deficiencies in patients with VTE.



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