DUPLICATION OF CHROMOSOME 16p13.11-p12.3 WITH DIFFERENT EXPRESSIONS IN THE SAME FAMILY
Pop-Jordanova N1,*, Zorcec T2, Sukarova-Angelovska E2, 3
*Corresponding Author: Professor Nadica Pop-Jardonica, Department of Medicine, Research Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology “Georgi D. Efremov,” Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Bul. Krste Misirkov 2, 1000 Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia. Tel.: +389-2-32-35-400. Fax: +389-2-32-35-423. E-mail: popjordanova.nadica@gmail.com
page: 89
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Abstract

The knowledge about genetic involvement in neurodevelopmental disorders, and especially in autism, is currently rising. To date, more than 100 gene mutations related to autistic syndromes have been described. Some disorders that affect multiple family members are caused by gene mutations, which can be inherited. Recently, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) has identified sub microscopic deletions and duplications as a common cause of mental retardation and autism. In this article we report the occurrence of the same genetic finding (chromosome 16p13.11-p12.3 duplication) in a family with four small children, where two older siblings manifested a global neurodevelopmental delay associated with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but younger twin brothers with the same mutation, have typical development. Genetic analysis showed that the chromosomal duplication was inherited from the father, in which phenotype and functioning are quite typical. As is known, the duplication can pass from parents to children. The 16p13.11 micro duplication has been implicated in several neurodevelopmental and behavioral disorders and is characterized by variable expressivity and incomplete penetrance.



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