ASSOCIATION OF VDR GENE VARIANT (rs1544410) WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES IN A PAKISTANI COHORT
Khan A1, Khan S2, Aman A1, Ali Y1, Jamal M3, Rahman B4, Ahmad M4, Aasim M4, Jalil F1,*, Shah AA4
*Corresponding Author: Dr. Fazal Jalil, Department of Biotechnology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Toru Road, Near Sheikhmaltoon Twon 23300, Mardan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. E-mail: fazaljalil@awkum.edu.pk
page: 59
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Abstract

The present study was designed to measure the mean values of body mass index (BMI), random blood sugar/ fast ing blood sugar (RBS/FBS) tests, and Hb A1c and to investigate the role of a genetic variant rs1544410 in the VDR gene in a Pakistani cohort. For this purpose, a total of 917 samples including 469 diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM), 145 DM type 1 (T1DM), and 303 healthy control were collected. Out of the total sample set, 500 individuals (250 T2DM cases and 250 controls) were genotyped for rs1544410. It was found that 65 (26.0%) cases and 32 (12.8%) controls had homozygous AA, while 69 (27.6%) cases and 139 (55.6%) controls had heterozygous AG, and 116 (46.4%) cases and 79 (31.6%) controls had homozygous GG (χ2 = 41.81, p = 0.0001). In addition, a similar distribution of allele frequency was determined in cases and controls [p value = 0.866; odds ratio (OR) = 0.967; relative risk (RR) = 1.034]. A significant difference was observed in homozygous dominant [OR = 2.394 (1.501- 3.816); RR = 1.46 (1.225-1.740); p = 0.003] and homozygous recessive models [OR = 2.970 (2.086-4.227); RR = 1.798 (1.501-2.154); p = <0.0001] analysis of rs1544410 in the VDR gene. These findings suggest that the VDR gene is associated with T2DM and genotype GG of genetic variant rs1544410 is the susceptible genotype in our Pakistani cohort.



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