THE MITOCHONDRIAL COI/tRNASER(UCN) G7444A MUTATION MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENT IN A HAN CHINESE FAMILY
Ding Y1,2, Xia B-H3, Teng Y-S2,4, Zhuo G-C1,2, Leng J-H1,2,*
*Corresponding Author: Dr. Jian-Hang Leng, Central Laboratory, Hangzhou First People’s Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Huansha Road 261, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China. Tel./Fax: +86-0571-87065701. E-mail: lengjh5@163.com Y. Ding and B-H. Xia contributed equally for this study.
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Abstract

Variations in mitochondrial genome have been found to be associated with hearing loss. Of these, the mitochondrial 12S rRNA and tRNASer(UCN) are the hot-spots for pathogenic variants associated with deafness. To understand the putative role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants in hearing loss, we recently screened the variants in mitochondrial genomes in patients with deafness from the Hangzhou area of Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China (PRC). In this study, we describe a maternallyinherited Han Chinese family with high penetrance of hearing loss, notably, the penetrance of hearing loss in this family were 80.0 and 40.0%, when the aminoglycoside was included or excluded. Three matrilineal relatives in this pedigree exhibited different levels of hearing loss with different age at onset. In addition, sequence analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome showed the presence of the well-known C1494T pathogenic variant in the 12S rRNA gene and the G7444A pathogenic variant in the COI/ tRNASer(UCN). The C1494T anomaly had been reported to be a pathogenic mutation associated with aminoglycosideinduced and nonsyndromic hearing loss (AINHL), while the G7444A was considered as a secondary mutation associated with deafness. However, the lack of functional variants in GJB2 and TRMU genes suggested that nuclear modified genes may not play important roles in deafness expression. Thus, the combination of G7444A and C1494T pathogenic variants in the mitochondrial genome may account for the high penetrance of hearing loss in this Chinese family.



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