BENIGN, PATHOGENIC AND COPY NUMBER VARIATIONS OF UNKNOWN CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE IN PATIENTS WITH CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS AND DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY
Mihaylova M1,*, Staneva R1,2, Toncheva D1, Pancheva M1,2, Hadjidekova S1,2
*Corresponding Author: Dr. Marta Mihaylova, Department of Medical Genetics, Medical Faculty, Medical University of Sofia, 2 Zdrave Street, 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria. Tel: +3592-9172-735. E-mail: marta.mih@gmail.com
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Abstract

The high frequency (3.0-5.0%) of congenital anomalies (CA) and intellectual disabilities (IDs), make them a serious problem, responsible for a high percentage (33.0%) of neonatal mortality. The genetic cause remains unclear in 40.0% of cases. Recently, molecular karyotyping has become the most powerful method for detection of pathogenic imbalances in patients with multiple CAs and IDs. This method is with high resolution and gives us the opportunity to investigate and identify candidate genes that could explain the genotype-phenotype correlations. This article describes the results from analysis of 81 patients with congenital malformations (CMs), developmental delay (DD) and ID, in which we utilized the CytoChip ISCA oligo microarray, 4 × 44 k, covering the whole genome with a resolution of 70 kb. In the selected group of patients with CAs, 280 copy number variations (CNVs) have been proven, 41 were pathogenic, 118 benign and 121 of unknown clinical significance (average number of variations 3.5). In six patients with established pathogenic variations, our data revealed eight pathogenic aberrations associated with the corresponding phenotype. The interpretation of the other CNVs was made on the basis of their frequency in the investigated group, the size of the variation, content of genes in the region and the type of the CNVs (deletion or duplication).



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