VARIANTS IN MITOCHONDRIAL tRNA GENE MAY NOT BE ASSOCIATED WITH THYROID CARCINOMA
Lv F1,a, Qian G2,a, You W1,a, Lin H3, Wang XF3, Qiu GS2, Jiang YS2, Pang LX3, Kang YM4, Jia BF4, Xu JZ5,*, Yu Y1,*
*Corresponding Author: Dr. Jinzhong Xu, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, the Affiliated Wenling Hospital of Wenzhou Medial University, Taiping Nan Road 190, Wenling 317500, People’s Republic of China. Tel./Fax: +86-(0)576-8620-6288. E-mail: xujzwl@163.com and Dr. Yang Yu, Department of Breast Surgery, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, Weiwu Road 7, Zhengzhou 450003, People’s Republic of China. Tel./Fax: +86-(0)371- 6558-0014. E-mail: 510790135@qq.com
page: 59
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Abstract

Thyroid cancer is a very common form of endocrine system malignancy. To date, the molecular mechanism underlying thyroid cancer remains poorly understood. Studies of oncocytic tumors have led to a hypothesis which proposes that defects in oxidative phosphorylation (OX- PHOS) may result in a compensatory increase in mitochondrial replication and gene expression. As a result, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation analysis has become a useful tool to explore the molecular basis of this disease. Among these mutations, mitochondrial transfer RNAs (mttRNAs) are the hot spots for pathogenic mutations associated with thyroid cancer. However, due to its high mutation rate, the role of mt-tRNA variants in thyroid cancer is still controversial. To address this problem, in this study, we reassessed seven reported mt-tRNA variants: tRNAAsp G7521A, tRNAArg T10411C and T10463C, tRNALeu(CUN) A12308G, tRNAIle G4292C and C4312T, and tRNAAla T5655C, in clinical manifestations of thyroid cancer. We first performed the phylogenetic conservation analysis for these variants; moreover, we used a bioinformatic tool to compare the minimum free energy (G) of mt-tRNA with and without mutations. Most strikingly, none of these variants caused the significant change of the G between the wild-type and the mutant form, suggesting that they may not play an important roles in thyroid cancer. In addition, we screened the frequency of the “pathogenic” A12308G alternation in 300 patients with thyroid cancer and 200 healthy controls. We found that there were five patients and three control subjects carrying this variant. It seemed that the A12308G variant may be a common polymorphism in the human population. Taken together, our study indicated that variants in mt-tRNA genes may not play active roles in patients with thyroid cancer.



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