FAMILY PHYSICIANS’ MANAGEMENT OF GENETIC ASPECTS OF A CARDIAC DISEASE: A SCENARIO-BASED STUDY FROM SLOVENIA
Klemenc-Ketiš Z, Peterlin B
*Corresponding Author: Assistant Professor Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, M.D., Ph.D., Medical Faculty Maribor, Taborska 8, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. Tel.: +386-41-516-067. Fax: +386-590-30-250. E-mail: zalika.klemenc.ketis@gmail.com
page: 15
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to find out how Slovenian family physicians (FPs) would manage a hypothetical clinical case, to explore their views about possible ethical dilemmas associated with this clinical case and to determine possible associations with demographic and other characteristics of FPs. This was an observational cross-sectional postal study in the Slovenian FPs’ surgeries. The study population consisted of the whole population of Slovenian FPs (n = 950). The main outcome measures were the percentages of the answers of FPs on different questions about the clinical case on the management of patient and his relative with hereditary cardiomyopathy. There were 271 FPs who answered the questionnaire (response rate was 27.1%). A sample included 66 (24.4%) men and the mean age of all respondents was 45.5 ± 10.6 years. When dealing with the clinical case, most FPs expressed willingness to take the patient’s family history. Only 34.2% FPs did not believe that ordering genetic tests was part of their job. Additionally, only 50.0% of them felt competent to interpret the genetic risk, 25.0% of them would give information about genetic testing and only 6.0% would interpret the results of the genetic testing. Family physicians in Slovenia were willing to include genetic tasks into routine management of their patients, but they do not feel competent enough to interpret the genetic risks and the results of genetic testing. However, an important part of FPs would not refer patients at risk to genetic counseling. The inclusion of genetic topics to family medicine specialization curriculum is needed.



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