A HOMOZYGOUS DELETION OF THE DPY19L2 GENE IS A CAUSE OF GLOBOZOOSPERMIA IN MEN FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
Noveski P1, Madjunkova S1, Maleva I1, Sotiroska V2, Petanovski Z2, Plaseska-Karanfilska D1,*
*Corresponding Author: Professor Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Research Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Av. Krste Misirkov 2, POB 428, 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia; Tel.: +389-2-3235-410; Fax: +389-2-3115-434; E-mail: dijana@manu.edu.mk
page: 73
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Abstract

Globozoospermia is a rare but severe teratozoospermia, characterized by ejaculates consisting completely of round-headed spermatozoa that lack an acrosome or, in partial globozoospermia, containing a variable proportion (20.0-90.0%) of acrosomeless spermatozoa. Men that are affected with total globozoospermia are infertile, and even the application of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has met with disappointingly low success rates. In humans, several case reports of globozoospermia have demonstrated that two or more siblings were affected in each family, which suggested a genetic component to this disease. Currently, three genes are known to be associated with total globozoospermia in humans, SPATA16, PICK1 and DPY19L2 genes. Mutations in SPATA16 and PICK1 are rare causes of globozoospermia, found in only one patient each. Several studies have suggested that DPY19L2 mutations are the major cause of globozoospermia in patients from different ethnic origins and different geographic regions. The most common DPY19L2 mutation is the 200 kb deletion arising from a nonallelic homologous recombination (NAHR) between the flanking low copy repeats (LCRs). Here we describe the presence of a homozygous deletion of the DPY19L2 gene in two infertile Macedonian patients with 100.0% round headed spermatozoa, thus suggesting that this deletion represents a major cause of globozoospermia among Macedonian men.



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