STUDY OF THE HEPATITIS C VIRUS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
Kiprijanovska S1, Sukarova-Stefanovska E1, Noveski P1, Chalovska V2, Polenakovic M1, Plaseska-Karanfilska D1,*
*Corresponding Author: Professor Dr. Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Research Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology “Georgi D. Efremov”, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Krste Misirkov 2, Skopje 1000, Republic of Macedonia; Tel: +389(0)2 3235410; Fax: +389 (0)2 3115434; E-mail: dijana@manu.edu.mk
page: 67
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Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health problem. It is a leading cause of chronic liver disease and the most common indication for liver transplantation. The therapy for eradication of HCV infection is successful in only 50.0-80.0% of patients and is highly dependent on the HCV genotype. Molecular detection and characterization of HCV in the Republic of Macedonia started in 1990. Since then, more than 4000 samples have been analyzed at the Research Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (RCGEB) “Georgi D. Efremov,” Skopje, Republic of Macedonia. The prevalence of HCV infections in the healthy population of the Republic of Macedonia was found to be 0.4%, while it varies between 23.0 and 43.0% in different at-risk groups of patients. The prevalence of HCV genotypes, according to associated risk factors in HCV infected patients from the Republic of Macedonia, was analyzed. We found genotype 1 to be predominant in a group of hemodialysis patients, while genotype 3 was predominant in intravenous (IV) drug users. Association of six polymorphisms in the Oligoadenylate synthetase (OASL)-like interferonstimulated gene with a sustained virological response was also analyzed. Our preliminary results suggest that non ancestral alleles in four of the six studies polymorphisms in OASL gene are associated with sustained virological response among HCV infected patients in R. Macedonia.



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