HAVING MULTIPLE RENAL CYSTS IN A YOUNG ADULT IS NOT ALWAYS A SIGN OF POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE
Kaynar K1,*, Kayıpmaz S2, Çebi AH3, Hüseynova Ş4
*Corresponding Author: Professor Dr. Kubra Kaynar, Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Nefroloji Bilim Dalı, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey. Tel.: +90-542-241-58-79. Fax: +90-462-325-22-70. E-mail: kkaynar@ yahoo.com
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Abstract

Multiple renal cysts in adult patients could have asymptomatic, benign and a nonprogressive course. However, these cysts could be renal features of a very rare hereditary, progressive syndrome defined as cranioectodermal dysplasia (CED or Sensenbrenner syndrome). Affected patients show dysmorphic features such as craniosynostosis, nail dystrophy, cutaneous dyshydrosis, dry or scaly palmar skin, trichodysplasia, deafness, pectus excavatum, telecanthus, hypertelorism, low set ears, everted lower lip, anteverted nares, short neck and height, joint laxity, inguinal hernia, widely spaced teeth, microdontia, hypodontia in addition to nephronophthisis. We report a 22-year-old male hypertensive patient with multiple renal cysts and dental malformations listed as malocclusion, screwdriver shaped crowns, widely spaced front teeth, microdontia and hyperdontia. Molecular analysis reported missense p.(Ala875Thr) and p.(Lys969Asn) variants in the WDR35 gene. The 1-year follow-up of this case provided the knowledge that angiotensin II receptor blocker drug (olmesartan) reduced the microalbuminuria to normal levels and preserved the renal functions. We suggest interdisciplinary studies, especially intraoral and genetic evaluations for patients with cystic renal diseases. For the first time we report that hyperdontia could be found as a dental feature of CED.



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