JANUS KINASE V617F MUTATION DETECTION IN PATIENTS WITH MYELOFIBROSIS
Nikolova D1,2,*, Yordanov A2, Damyanova V1,2, Radinov A2, Toncheva D1
*Corresponding Author: Dragomira Nikolova, Ph.D., Department of Medical Genetics, Medical Faculty, Medical University Sofia, 2 Zdrave Street, 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria. Tel: +359888-103-456, E-mail: dmb@abv.bg
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Abstract

extra fibrous tissue in the bone marrow and additional hematopoiesis. The somatic mutation in the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene (V617F) occurs gradually and is detected in about 50.0% of myelofibrosis or essential thrombo-cytopenia (ET) patients. Our aim was to determine the genotype status according to the carriers of the V617F mutation in patients with MF at the Hematology Ward of the University Hospital “Ivan Rilski” in Sofia, Bulgaria. DNA samples were isolated from venous blood of patients with various hematological disorders. DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and subsequent restriction analysis was performed using a BsaXI restriction enzyme. The genotype status was determined on 2.0% agarose gel. We analyzed 38 patients initially suspected of carrying MF or osteomyelofibrosis (OMF). After trepanobiopsy, 20 out of 38 patients were confirmed as myelofibrotic (52.6%), 5/38 (13.2%) were diagnosed as ET, 1/38 (2.6%) was diagnosed as myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN), 6/38 (15.8%) had polycythemia vera (PV). In six patients, the presence of disease was rejected. Patients with MF were divided into three groups according to the JAK2 V617F genotype status: homozygous for the mutation (3/20 or 15.0%), heterozygous (9/20 or 45.0%) and homozygous for the wild type allele (8/20 or 40.0%). The triggering factor of MF is still unknown. It was considered that this factor could have a genetic nature. Mutations in three genes were mainly accepted as an actual predisposing events to this disease: point mutations leading to amino acid substitutions in JAK2 (V617F) and in MPL (W515L, W515K), as well as insertion or deletion in CALR. We have proven that carriers of the V617F mutation prevailed in the group of patients with MF (altogether 12 patients or 60.0%). Previous studies also showed that JAK2 V617F is present in more than half of MF patients within their blood-forming cells. Therefore, the risk of evolution to MF could be associated with V617Fmutant allele burden in patients with MPN.



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